What are the requirements for a public hearing before paving a Town highway?

Unimproved former section of the Albany Post Road in Philipstown, NY, USA, listed on the National Register of Historic Places
Source: Daniel Case via Wikimedia

Many times when a Town plans to pave a section of highway, there are concerns that the paving will increase speed and traffic volumes and may be detrimental to safety.

There are no requirements for a public hearing before paving a highway, but the work should be included in the Agreement for the Expenditure of Highway Moneys signed by the Town board and supervisor (see Quick Answer Where can I get a copy of the "284 Agreement"?)

As these moneys are part of the budget, there should have been a opportunity for the public to comment on the plan for the improvement back in September when the budget was adopted.

One note of caution before paving a gravel surfaced highway.

It is generally the case that most land owners prefer to have a paved road rather than a gravel road past their residence. It is healthier, and usually less costly to the Town (provided that it is properly constructed).  Placing a pavement on a road that has previously been gravel surfaced requires that a proper base be placed to support the new surface. If the old gravel surface is relied upon to be the base, normally the paving will not last very long.

Resources

Highway Law 

Cover of the Powers and Duties workbook

Powers and Duties of Local Highway Officials (pdf)
Cornell Local Roads Program

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This work by the Cornell Local Roads Program (CLRP) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.