Who is responsible for the placement and maintenance of Advanced Warning signs for railroad crossings?
Grade Crossing Advanced Warning Signs (W10 Series) placed out of the Railway right-of-way are to be installed and maintained by the jurisdiction responsible for the roadway on which the sign is placed. The MUTCD, Section 5F.03 Grade Crossing Advance Warning Signs (W10 Series), states in a Standard, which is a must requirement, that a Grade Crossing Advanced Warning Sign (W10-1) “shall be used on all low-volume roads in advance of every highway-rail grade crossing.” The only exception to this is where “highway-rail grade crossings are flagged by train crews”. Section 8B.06 Grade Crossing Advance Warning Signs (W10-1), Standard further states: A Highway-Rail Grade Crossing Advance Warning (W10-1) sign shall be used on each highway in advance of every highway-rail grade crossing, and every highway-LRT grade crossing in semi-exclusive alignments, except in the following circumstances:
A. On an approach to a grade crossing from a T-intersection with a parallel highway if the distance from the edge of the track to the edge of the parallel roadway is less than 100 feet and W10-3 signs are used on both approaches of the parallel highway;
B. On low-volume, low-speed highways crossing minor spurs or other tracks that are infrequently used and road users are directed by an authorized person on the ground to not enter the crossing at all times that approaching rail traffic is about to occupy the crossing;
C. In business or commercial areas where active grade crossing traffic control devices are in use; or
D. Where physical conditions do not permit even a partially effective display of the sign.
Since specific application is required to work within the railroad right-of-way, signs and plaques within the railroad right-of-way have been identified as the responsibility of the railroad.