Where can I find out the functional classification of a particular highway?
The functional class of a highway is used in planning, design, and management. Only certain highways are eligible for Federal Aid. In the MUTCD, there are some requirements (such as the need for chevron or arrow signs on sharp corners) that are different for arterials and collectors. These highway designations are approved by the New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT) and Federal Highway Administration.
The three broad classifications of highways include:
Major roads and streets linking between or within cities
Roads and streets that typically serve regional travel and link smaller population centers with the rural areas
Roads and streets connecting businesses and farms to the smaller communities and individual homes
To find out which roads and streets are designated as arterials and collectors, there is a webpage on the NYSDOT site
Some areas are not posted yet, but a draft map can be obtained by contacting the NYSDOT.
Basics of a Good Road (pdf)
Cornell Local Roads Program