New York State Local Technical Assistance Program

Are there any resources that can summarize the program and training requirements of the PESH standards that typically apply to highway and Public Works Departments?

Yes, here is a table outlining PESH training requirements that typically apply to the Highway and DPW community:






Program Elements


Training Requirements




Emergency action plans


Only applies when required by particular OSHA standard. EAP must be written if more than 10 employees


Designate and train employees to assist in evacuation. Review with each employee initially and when changes occur




Fire prevention plans


Only applies when required by particular OSHA standard. FPP must be written if more than 10 employees


Initially inform employees of hazards and review with employee parts of plan necessary for self-protection




Occupational noise exposure


If equal to or greater than 85 dBA TWA, hearing conservation program including annual audiometric testing and provision of hearing protection; wearing of hearing protectors required if equal to or above 90 dBA TWA


Annual for employees included in program




Hazardous waste operations and emergency response (HAZWOPER)


Emergency Response Plan, unless EAP calls for evacuation


Initial: 1st responder awareness; Annual refresher or demonstration of competency; Skilled support personnel (equipment operators) must be given initial briefing




Personal Protective Equipment


Written certification of PPE Hazard Assessment, provide and ensure use of proper equipment


Written certification of initial training, and retraining as required by changes or inadequate employee knowledge




Respiratory Protection


Written respiratory protection program, medical evaluation, annual fit testing  






Permit Required Confined Space


Workplace evaluation; permit space ID; PRCS program; permit system; monitoring, ventilation, rescue and other equipment


Initial and as required by changes, deviations, or inadequacies




Control of hazardous energy (lockout/tagout)


Energy control program, documented energy control procedures, certification of completion of periodic inspections


Initial and as required by changes, deviations, or inadequacies




Portable Fire Extinguishers


If intended for employee use, training required*. If not for employee use, EAP calling for total evacuation (see 1910.38)


* Annual




Servicing multi‑piece and single piece rim wheels


Training program (excludes automobile or truck tires marked “LT”)


Materials must include copy of standard and current rim charts




Powered Industrial Trucks


Ensure operator is competent through training and certification program (Formal instruction, practical training and evaluation)


Initial and refresher in the event of unsafe operation, accident or near-miss, inadequate evaluation, changes in equip or condition. Evaluate operators every 3 years




Welding, Cutting, and


Management shall insist that cutters or welders and their supervisors are suitably trained in the safe operation of their equipment and the safe use of the process






Oxygen-Fuel Gas
Welding and Cutting


Workers in charge of the oxygen or fuel-gas supply equipment shall be instructed by their employers before being left in charge. Rules and instructions covering the operation and maintenance of the equipment shall be readily available.






Arc Welding and Cutting


Workers designated to operate arc welding equipment shall have been properly instructed and qualified to operate such equipment






Safety Related Work Practices


Training program for employees exposed to electrical hazards, level of training varies with risk, hazardous energy control (LOTO) procedures (see standard)


Initial and as required by changes or noncompliance






Exposure monitoring, regulated areas, work practices and housekeeping, PPE, hygiene facilities and medical surveillance. Training program for all employees exposed to airborne concentrations at or above the exposure limits, and employees performing housekeeping (awareness)

NYSDOL Asbestos Control Bureau has additional requirements under Code Rule 56


Initial and annual






Exposure monitoring, regulated areas, work practices and housekeeping, PPE, hygiene facilities and medical surveillance. Inform employees with any exposure of the content of Appendices A and B. Training program for all employees who are subject to exposure to lead at or above the action level or for whom the possibility of skin or eye irritation exists.


Initial and annual




Hazard Communication
(Hazardous Chemicals)


Written HazCom Program including chemical list, labeling, MSDS 


Initial and when new chemical hazard introduced




General Safety and Health Provisions for Construction



Frequent and regular inspections of job sites, materials and equipment by competent person


Initial and continuing, site  and task specific




Employer shall permit only employees qualified by training or experience to operate equipment and machinery


Initial and continuing, site and task specific




Safety Training and Education


Employer shall instruct each employer in the recognition and avoidance of unsafe conditions and means of controlling or eliminating hazards


Initial and continuing, site and task specific




Fall Protection


Training program and equipment required when working 6 feet or more above lower level


Initial and as necessary




Trenching and Excavation


Daily and as needed inspections by competent person, protective system, utilities, access and egress, traffic control, hazardous atmospheres, water removal, adjacent structures, location of equipment and spoil


See 1926.21(b)(2) for training
Competent person must be capable of identifying hazards and have the authority to correct hazards


12 NYCRR Part 820


(Hazardous Substances)


Training program and posting of sign


Initial and annual


12 NYCRR Part 800.6


Workplace Violence Prevention


Workplace evaluation and determination, written program and training


Initial, at least annually, and when changes occur



Training program including proper handling practices, PPE, disease etiology and mode of transmission, hand washing and decontamination and avoidance of animal/saliva contact; pre-vaccination for animal control and wildlife workers (not necessary for roadkill collection); exposure follow-up procedures



Lyme Disease

Training program for employees working in tick habitat areas having moderate or high risk of harboring Lyme disease, which includes signs and symptoms, proper clothing, repellent use, self-inspection and removal methods for attached ticks, and importance of seeking medical attention when necessary




CLRP Safety Center

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